How To Sign Your Name Without Assuming Liability.

What does a signature mean? I will tell you right now that when you sign something (no matter what “they” say), it means that you accept liability. And if you don’t read and agree to EVERYTHING you sign, you are making a big mistake.

I am constantly being asked… “How do I sign my name? … AND maintain my rights?”

We all know that before they let us go, they ALWAYS want us to sign something to keep us coming back. There are other points in the “legal” system where a “signature” is expected or required before the court can proceed as well.

I have heard that adding “Under Duress”, or “All Rights Reserved” to a signature when signing a document will maintain our inherent human rights; and while this could work as well, the proper and Latin way to sign under duress is to add a “V.C.” before your name.

Vi Coactus, abbreviated to V.C., is a latin term. The website wikipedia cites the definition of vi coactus as:

“constrained by force”. Used when forced to sign (“or else …”)

Perhaps the most famous use of vi coactus when signing a document was that of Cornelius de Witt. Alexandre Dumas captured the event as follows:

The Grand Pensionary bowed before the will of his fellow citizens; Cornelius de Witt, however, was more obstinate, and notwithstanding all the threats of death from the Orangist rabble, who besieged him in his house at Dort, he stoutly refused to sign the act by which the office of Stadtholder was restored. Moved by the tears and entreaties of his wife, he at last complied, only adding to his signature the two letters V. C. (Vi Coactus), notifying thereby that he only yielded to force.

There is scant authoritative information regarding this term on the web. However, on the One Heaven Society of United Free States of Spirits website the following information is provided:

The Bar want you to sign as surety

At key points in a Court case, the Bar members want you to sign certain documents. Why? Because your signature is like your vocalized consent – it can be legally interpreted as your agreement to be surety for an obligation and to perform as well as to waive other rights.  

Do you have to sign? No you don’t. But in many cases, the Bar has designed a system so that if you don’t it is interpreted as dishonor so that they can invoke their power of attorney powers to declare you delinquent, incompetent and send you to prison anyway.  

This is why you may have heard of people who refused to sign the papers when entering prison and yet were treated worse than most serious criminals, with complete apparent ignorance of their rights- why? because the system is designed at certain points where you MUST sign. So how do you overcome an unjust and unfair system that forces a man or woman to sign under duress, against their will and yet interprets such signatures as valid under Canon Law? The answer is making sure you signature follows a clear mark of duress.

Vi Coactus

Before you sign anything under duress, in order not to be unfairly determined as in dishonor and incompetent, you may lawfully initial in large letters the letters V.C. where you will sign, then sign your name after- always after.

What V.C. stands for is Latin for Vi Coactus which means literally “under constraint”. This should normally be sufficient on any document which you are forced to sign to bear witness to the fact that it was done under duress.

Now, at the earliest opportunity before the court or official, you can make it known that upon review of your signature it can be proven to have been forced under threat and coercion and so cannot be used as legally binding agreement.

In some locations and in some prisons as this knowledge grows, it is possible that law enforcement officials may start to reject such signatures, adding more threat and force on a person to sign without using V.C. It is your choice remembering that if you allow such criminal intimidation and torture to prevail and do sign without protest then the system can simply lie and state you made such a sign of your “own free will”.

So if they tear up the paperwork and demand you do it again, stating that such a signature is unlawful then such claims are against the laws of the Roman Cult Canon Law- the actual law that underpins their own statutes and regulations. However, if after several attempts they still refuse, there is a second method equally valid- the use of ellipse.

The use of ellipses

When the threat of intimidation or outright rejection of lawful protest is too great, then a second and equally valid method of signing under protest is permitted, namely the use of three full stops placed first, followed by the signature so that the three dots are not obscured by the signature.

This is called an ellipsis eg “…” and indicates that legally there was a form of words you wanted to state but were unable due to some event, in this case because of threat and coercion.

Thus, at the earliest opportunity the ellipsis can be revealed and it can be stated that you intended to write V.C. but were prevented therefore nullifying any agreement.

It would be of interest to the author if there have been any more recent cases where V.C. has been used to sign a document. There appears to have been a case in Indonesia where Dutch interests signed V.C., however, the author does not have full access to the journal in question:

The Measures Taken by the Indonesian Government against …by I Login – 1958 – Related articles

Authority” or “o.p.” (under protest) or “v.c.” (vi coactus). And that, of course , was preciously what it was: compelled by force. …


Further definitions and their sources:

Black’s Law Dictionary (9th edition)

The ninth edition does not provide a definition for vi coactus.

Cassell’s Latin Dictionary (27th edition, 1955, pp.103)


a compulsion, compelling; coactu atque efflagitatu meo, cic.

The Oxford Latin Dictionary ABS-LIB (1968, pp. 339)


1. Compressed, condensed; (of milk) curdled. b (neut. pl. as sb.) felt cloak.

2. Unnatural, artificial, forced, contrived.

3. (of instruments, actions, etc.) Unwilling, forced. b. required by law, compulsary.


Compulsion, constraint.

Interestingly, Cassell’s Latin Dictionary and the Oxford Latin Dictionary provide the additional definitions:

Cassell’s Latin Dictionary:

coacto – To compel.

coactor – 1. a collector of rents, money at auctions, etc. 2. One who compels.

Oxford Latin Dictionary:

coacto – To compel.

coactor – 1. A collector (of money, taxes, etc.). 2. the troops bringing up the rear.


  1. List of Lation abbreviations (
  2. Dumas, Alexandre – Black Tulip, The (
  3. Signing in protest and under duress (
  4. Cassell’s Latin Dictionary, pp.103 (
  5. Oxford Latin Dictionary, pp.339 (

Note: Correction to the reference from was applied (removing the term ellipse for ellipsis). Thanks to Gerald for identifying this correction.

Article courtesy of Freedom From Government

Category(s): Common Law, Legal

18 Responses to How To Sign Your Name Without Assuming Liability.

  1. Useful knowledge NT.
    Remember the phrase “without prejudice” can also be helpful in disputes. It allows you to offer a compromise in a dispute but without admitting liability or allowing your offer to be interpretted as an admission of fault.

    • Quite correct Woodsy and let us not also forget under duress. But I like the sound of VC asn those attempting to get you to sign a document will probably not know what it means and might think it is just initials! However anyone who is legally trained will certainly know what it means.

      Many thanks for your input.

  2. Good stuff NT. I don’t always comment but I check out your blog every day.

    • Good to see you here David. As you know, sometimes you find humour here, nonsense here but every now and then we do manage to scribble something sensible!

  3. I’d like to add “coactus feci” (“I did it unter duress.”Smilie: ;)
    Wikipedia has a German entry only:
    Google translate would be of help for those who do not understand German.
    Keep up the good work and best wishes from Germany!

    Joseph Fuce II says:

    [I just came across the cite. I have been trying to stay outside of government and the information presented is “excellent” as I am Sovereign,but,just need to
    learn the truth about real “freedom” and not “fictional freedom”.

    King Joseph Fuce II
    without prejudice]

  4. It is also possible to write “without recourse UCC1-308.” You must familiarize yourself with the UCC section, since if asked and you can”t explain it, the judge can try to ignore it. It is worth the research. Also, you write under your signature, “Authorized Representative,” which indicates that you are a living, breathing Human, and the representative of the “straw man” account they are trying to levy, and not actually that person. A living being is not a person by government definition, but rather a fictitious business, created with your Birth Certificate.

  5. Someone help.

    I was made to sign a contract. I had a few drinks before signing it and basically its not in my favour.

    But one thing i did was put


    According to freeman it means that i can just send a notice to the guy that made me sign and tell him the contract is void.

    Please i need help with this


    • With any contract one of the elements required is competence.

      Competence, also called legal capacity, is a party’s ability to enter into a contract. The most common reason for incompetence is age. A party must be at least 18 years old to enter into a contract. If a minor signs a contract, she has the right to cancel it. Another reason for incapacity is mental illness. A person incapacitated by a disease or disability, who does not understand the terms of a contract he entered, has the right to rescind his acceptance of an offer, voiding the contract. Lastly, a person under the influence of drugs or alcohol may be considered incompetent if the other party knew or should have known that the person’s impairment affected his ability to understand and freely consent to the contract.

      • The other person did not know i was drunk!

        what about the fact that i wrote

        …my signature …

        u said it is equal to V.C.

        i wanted to put v.c. but i couldnt rememeber at the time

        also another thing is the guy told me apparently i am so negative and i need a doctor!!! and i have this as proof of his text!

        • When the threat of intimidation or outright rejection of lawful protest is too great, then a second and equally valid method of signing under protest is permitted, namely the use of three full stops placed first, followed by the signature so that the three dots are not obscured by the signature.

          No mate it says three . . . before your name

      • The definition of your signature is: 1) Your knowledge of the contract; 2) Understanding of the contract; and 3) Your acceptance of the contract. If you do not have all those items, it is NOT your signature. Also it must be an ORIGINAL, which means writing added after your signature was placed on the document VOIDS the contract as it is no longer the same contract.

  6. Greetings! I am very happy I stumbled upon this website! Been aware for long while now; learning about circumnavigating through the legal bullshit and what is actually, true law.
    Anyhow; I have a question – I’m about to get a drivers license (unless you can tell me an alternative way to obtaining license in OZ/crown colony? better yet how do I reclaim sovereignty? so much misinfo out there) , and they require my signature – obviously its a contract to state/federal rules/regulations…
    So simply put, how should I sign the document/ contract (without obligation)?
    Just use O.P. or V.C.?


  7. This is neat!! Up until I read this article, I had been adding “Without Prejudice U.C.C. 1-308” above, under or beside my signature. V.C. sure is better IMHO. …..the three full stops (ellipsis) is yet another whammy to tyranny.

    Beverly L. Martin says:

    Thank you for making this information available

    Nomad Wizard says:

    Is here a contact for knowledge in Kannada?

    Please send me notice of response(s).

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